Take a fresh look at your lifestyle.

S&P 500 once again on track for record close. Is a stock-market breakout near?

The S&P 500 on Friday was once again trading above its last record close notched over two years ago, while also setting a new intraday record after wobbling in a narrow trading range for almost a month.

The large-cap benchmark S&P 500 index SPX traded as high as 4,842.07 on Friday, topping its intraday record of 4,818.62 set on Jan. 4, 2022. The index is also on pace to end above its record close of 4,796.56 set on Jan. 3, 2022, according to FactSet data. 

The move comes amid a choppy start to the year for stocks that analysts have attributed to a renewed rise in Treasury yields and uncertainty over a March interest-rate cut by the Federal Reserve.

Friday also marks the 513th day since the last record closing high for the S&P 500. If the index ends above the record close on Friday, that would end the longest stretch without an all-time closing high since the 1,375 trading-day streak from October 2007 to March 2013, according to Dow Jones Market Data (see table below). 


U.S. stocks opened the new year on a downward trend, pulling back from near-record highs as solid economic data and pushback from Federal Reserve officials against market expectations of aggressive rate cuts maintained a cloud of uncertainty over the path of monetary policy in 2024, while driving the longer-term Treasury yields to their highest levels since December. 

The S&P 500 index has remained in a short-term trading range which has been in place since mid-December. The range is bound by the intraday level of around 4,700 on the downside and the intraday level of a little above 4,800 on the upside for the past month, but the S&P 500 never scored a close above the record-high of 4,796.56 over that period, according to FactSet data.

“It’s normal for stocks to be stuck in a trading range when you’re trying to approach a record high, because you’d expect to have some resistance,” said Steve Sosnick, chief strategist at Interactive Brokers.

However, stocks posted a solid recovery Thursday as an upbeat 2024 outlook by chip maker Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. TSM, +0.99% drove an outperformance from megacap technology stocks that saw the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq Composite COMP erase all their 2024 losses.

Sosnick said record highs for the S&P 500 will “bring more people into the market,” as the optimism on artificial intelligence and the fourth-quarter earnings outweighs the notion that the Fed may not cut rates as quickly as market participants expect.

“Traders are very good at shifting their focus to whatever narrative suits them best at the moment,” he told MarketWatch in a phone interview on Friday. “It’s a normal thing for people to want to buy when they see market prices breaking out, and then they jump in.”

Mark Arbeter, president of Arbeter Investments LLC, said he hasn’t seen any short-term technical damage to the major indexes as “they are all working on bearish daily momentum divergences” from extreme overbought territory at the end of 2023, when the stock-market sentiment “was rip roaringly bullish.” 

But he also saw technical evidence continue to mount for “some type of pullback or correction” with some major indexes at, or near their all-time highs. “There are plenty of more obscure indicators that do not line up for the bulls,” Arbeter said in a Thursday client note. 

For example, the VIX term structure, which compares one-month futures VX.1, +2.60% on the Cboe Volatility Index VIX to the three-month VIX futures VXJ24, -2.07% and shows expectations of future implied volatility of the S&P 500, is in backwardation.

That means futures traders are pricing in lower near-term volatility suggesting there is complacency in the market that often leads to trouble, Arbeter wrote. “At times, this indicator can be early but is pretty accurate in seeing trouble ahead,” he said.   

Meanwhile, historical data shows that a return to record territory after a gap of at least a year has led to positive returns a year later, noted strategists Ed Clissold and London Stockton of Ned Davis Research. 

“Did the rally to new highs leave the market overbought and in need of a correction? Or was it a breakout to a new up leg? History sides with the latter,” wrote Clissold and Stockton, in a December client note.


U.S. stocks were soaring on Friday afternoon with the S&P 500 up 56 points, or 1.2%, to trade at 4,837.08, while the Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA was rising nearly 400 points, or 1.1%, and the Nasdaq Composite was advancing 1.6%, according to FactSet data. 

—William Watts contributed.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More